Hyperdontia, in the field of dentistry, refers to a condition characterized by the presence of an excessive number of teeth in the oral cavity. While the normal adult human typically has 32 teeth, including wisdom teeth, individuals with hyperdontia may develop additional teeth beyond this standard count. This condition can affect both primary (baby) and permanent teeth, and the supernumerary teeth may appear in various regions of the mouth.
Hyperdontia can lead to a range of dental issues, including overcrowding, misalignment, and other complications that may necessitate orthodontic or dental treatment. The causes of hyperdontia can vary and may include genetic factors or other developmental influences.